Now these sack tie tools are used to fix materials a source for you here

A complete thatchers tool kit

1) Leggett,Legate

Mine has flattened horseshoe nails in the head, each acts as a mini hammer on the butts of the (Norfolk) reed dressing it into position, it is swung like an axe in the direction of the length of the reed. A  manorial inventory of1 1100 has a drawing of almost exactly the same tool, cuts in the face, metal rings, even cast aluminum are used now.

2) Pin

Used to restrain the edge of the thatch you are working on and as a temporary fastener usually 4-6 are used. Can have a hole drilled into the sharp end and used as a stitching needle. Most common use is to locate the centre of rafters to apply fasteners and measure thickness by scribed marks.

3) Shearing Hook

Mainly a combed wheat reed tool, the blade has two compound curves on its sickle shape, one from point to handle, the other from back to front of the blade. Difficult to describe how it is used, the effect is to shave off the very end portion of the whole roof.

4) Spars

Not really a tool but often used as one as a temporary fastening, a split quadrant of hazel sharpened at each end an twisted in the middle into a 'harepin' shape.

5) Eaves Knife

General purpose thatch cutting tool but mainly for cutting the eave and gable on straw roof's probably derived from a rick trimming knife. Some use an eaves hook, this has a curved blade.

6) Side Rake

Heavy duty rubbish removing rake from the face of long straw, also used to compact the roof, mine is a natural bent hazel branch with 3" steel teeth

7) Sheep Shears

Trimming odd little bits of material, just large scissors

8) Spar Knife

Lighter than a billhook it is used to split hazel to the correct size and then point and trim spars, liggers etc. mine is only ever sharpened one side so that it acts better as a plane.

9) Spike/Thatching Nail

Again used as a permanent fixing but frequently employed as a tool to temporally hold courses in place. 6" to even 18" long.

Most thatchers could operate with such a toolkit plus usual woodwork tools, the designs have stood the test of time with some variations to suit local style of thatching. Names and styles vary according to geographical area.

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