Hazel Corylus avellana
Deciduous shrubs and small trees frequently coppiced and used for hedges.
Many superstitions associated with hazel from Celtic times.
Height max 6m Max age 70-80years if not coppiced to allow re growth.
Not acid soils. Often found as understorey in oak woodlands.
All of British Isles and Europe, West Asia and North Africa.
Leaves May-Sept Nuts ripe Oct- Nov
Catkins very distinctive in February when nothing else is in flower or
leaf vast amounts of pollen are dispersed by the wind
Propagation and growth
From seed - dispersion aided by birds and animals classic example being
squirrels storing underground Easily grown from nuts kept cool and
moist till spring.
White to reddish, tough and flexible when seasoned very hard. Was and
is extensively coppiced providing long sticks for a variety of uses such
as cask hoops, basketry, walking sticks, hurdles, wattle and daub construction,
thatching materials and divining rods. Good firewood.